- Time of issue:2019-10-18 00:00:00
About 180 million years ago, Alsophila spinulosa was once the most prosperous plant on earth. Like dinosaurs, it was one of the two major symbols of the “age of reptile”. However, after a long period of geological change, most of the Alsophila spinulosa on the earth were destroyed, and only a few could be traced in the place which was known as a “refuge”. Known as the “national treasure”, it is listed as a first-class endangered plant by many countries.
It is a perennial plant named “Biandanteng” in Chinese due to its shape. In the past, Yi people went hunting in the mountains without carrying a kettle. The water available for drinking will flow out quickly from breaks in small vine after the vines of Tetrastigma planicaule are cut. Therefore, when crossing the rainforest, by looking for Tetrastigma planicaule, the people can drink the clear water from the “natural kettle”, which has become one of the ways to quickly obtain water.
As an herb that grows in tropical rainforest area, the base of the flower of Tylophora arenicola has dozens of long filaments which are elegant and drooping, like the beard of a tiger. So it gets the name of “Laohuxu” in Chinese. Tylophora arenicola are most likely to grow by warm and humid waters or in the shade of the rainforest. Because the deep color of purple black, Tylophora arenicola can absorb almost all the colored lights of the sun. When being exposed to sunlight, the flowers are easy to absorb heat, heated up quickly, and have themselves burned. In addition, the color of the flowers of purple black Tylophora arenicola is darker in color. Unlike other colorful flowers which need to attract insects such as bees and butterflies to pollinate for it by colors, Tylophora arenicola is a kind of self-pollinating plant. Wild Tylophora arenicola have been very rare, even on the verge of extinction, and has been designated as tertiary protection plants by the state.
Tylophora arenicola is a kind of plant which looks nice and has also practical value as precious herbs. Its roots and stems can be used as medicine to clear away heat and toxic materials and to regulate qi to alleviate pain. However, as a rare Chinese medicinal material, the whole strain of Tylophora arenicola is poisonous. The tiger's whiskers must not be smashed, and the tiger's whiskers are not free to pick. A tiger’s beard must not be stroked, while the flower stamen of Tylophora arenicola cannot be picked as will.
Duabanga grandiflora is a plant of Sonneratiaceae. It is a tall tree up to around 40m with the diameter at breast height around 1.8m. Full and straight trunk; crown in umbrella shape with the branches sagging in a quadrangle form; side branches grow opposite to each other; simple and opposite leaves in large size; leaves in long oval shape with very short petioles; terminal panicle with white flowers; flat spherical capsule, slightly ribbed, fine and small seeds. The King of Duabanga Grandiflora in Moli has a diameter at breast height up to 6m, and it is the largest breast height tree in the area, so it is called “the King of Duabanga Grandiflora”.
The fruits of Ficus auriculata are directly on large branches or trunks, or even at the base of tree trunk. They look like flat balls, fist size, green when they are young and become reddish brown with more juice, slightly sweet, edible when becoming mature. The fruits are good products among wild fruits. Many parts of Ficus auriculata are edible and the nutritional value is high. They are rich in vitamins, inorganic salts and other ingredients.
Reevesia pubescens has beautiful tree form, large and pretty flowers, and strange fruit shape. It is a rare species for enjoying the sight of leaves, flowers and fruits. It is one of the world’s most famous ornamental trees. The tree of Reevesia pubescens can be used as food, medicine, wood, etc. Its leaf buds can be used for making tea, the skin and root can be used to make soap, and leaves and flowers can be used as dyes, the seeds can be used to extract starch and oil and they are edible with the taste similar to Chinese chestnut. In addition, the seeds can be used as a medicine for calming the mind, regulating qi and killing mites. Reevesia pubescens trees are lightweight and can be used for paper making, carving, making furniture and crafts. Reevesia pubescens grown in Yunnan Province has been a national protected wild plant of Class III.
Rhaphidophora megaphylla is a unique species in China, which is attached to the large trees in the humid tropical jungle or on the limestone cliffs and has been listed as a national protected wild plant of Class II. As a vine that can only be seen from a distance, Rhaphidophora megaphylla can climb up to more than 30m in height. Its stout stems are in cylinder shape and the aerial root is fleshy in cylinder shape, the petiole is green and almost cylindrical. The flowering period is from April to August every year.
The tree of Pterospermum menglunense is a unique plant in China and it is a unique tree species in tropical limestone mountain rainforest of China. The tree leaves and flowers of Pterospermum menglunense have medicinal value and can be used for stasis scattering and bleeding stop and tonifying. They are mainly used for curing trauma and bruises. However, the bark is poisonous since it contains chloroform extract and methanol extract which may cause death.
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